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Pepper Care Guide: Types of Peppers

by Cliff Sharples (chief cultivator)

Peppers have an incredibly wide range of tastes, shapes, colors and texture. They are a staple for so many types of cuisine. And, they're fun to grow! Here is a quick guide to the different types of peppers.

types of peppers  |  how to grow


sweet peppers vs hot peppers
Peppers loosely fall into two categories, which are based on their flavor more than their shape or color.


Sweet peppers, commonly called bell peppers, come in a rainbow of colors: green, red, yellow, orange, and purple. In addition to adding texture and color to food, peppers are also good for you—there is more Vitamin C in a pepper than in orange juice. Varieties include: 'Blushing Beauty', and 'Gift from Moldova', and 'Sweet Choco Hybrid.'

Hot peppers are, as their name suggests, quite spicy, with a wide range of temperature levels. Used more as a condiment than a serving, chiles provide the fire in Thai and Mexican food. Color is not an indicator of fieriness; for example, one of the hottest peppers 'Habanero' starts out green, then turns to a red or orange. Other hot peppers are: 'Georgia Flame', 'Hot Portugal', and 'Hot Jalapeno, Eearly.'


care guide, tips for growing peppers